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1990. Тайвань. Спецлист "100-летие со дня рождения Ху Ши, китайского реформатора"

1990. Тайвань. Спецлист «100-летие со дня рождения Ху Ши, китайского реформатора»

(//), 1990 The 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Hu Shih, Written Chinese Reformer, 1891-1962 100th Birthday of Hu Shih, writer, President of the National Peking University and the Academia Sinica in Taiwan. Марка наклеена на лист 210*280, погашена + штемпель   Тест: While many of the intellectuals in the early Republican China era went to the U.S.S.R. for education, Hu Shih was influenced by years at Cornell and Columbia (Ph.D. 1917) where he trained under the philosopher John Dewey. Hu returned to China to a post at Peita and became an advocate of using bai-hua vernacular speech as the basis for literary writing instead of wen-yen, the classical written style. His teacher Dewey came to China and spent two years, from 1919-21, traveling and lecturing (often with Hu Shih interpreting) and rousing wide interest in his ideas on education and on pragmatism. Hu was an early adversary of the Kuomintang, saying that it had maintained a "reactionary" attitude towards the accomplishments of the New Culture Movement. But in 1938 he accepted an appointment as Ambassador to the United States. Without explanation he was removed from that post in 1942. In later years he served in non-political posts: for example, he was appointed president of Academia Sinica in 1958. During his last years, he was lionized by the United States but at home often received harsh criticism for his embracing the KMT cause too uncritically. The cartoon to the left shows Hu in front of a blackboard with "Education" written on it. To the left the cartoonist scolds Hu for abandoning his liberal causes in favor of service to the KMT. He died in Taiwan in 1962 not long after the picture at the bottom left was taken.